It is instructive to read the literature of the war, the letters written home from those who died, the novels and narrative accounts of those who served in combat and then returned. The Air Force lost 2,580 or l percent. The idea that American enlisted dead were made up largely of society’s poverty stricken misfits is a terrible slander to their memory and to the solid working-class and middle-class families of this country who provided the vast majority of our casualties. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. Fully 50 percent were in the 17- to 24-year age group, and astonishingly, there were 764 Army officer casualties who were 21 or younger. Leonid Brezhnev, Soviet General Secretary of the Communist party and President of the Supreme Soviet from 1964 until 1982. Michigan Military Personnel Who Died in the Vietnam War ( By County) COUNTY LAST, FIRST-MIDDLE NAME CITY DOB DOD SERVICE RANK Alpena Elliott, Phillip Allen Alpena 03/27/49 03/10/1970 AR SP4 Alpena Emerson, Philip Blaine Alpena 11/26/46 05/17/1967 MC LCPL Alpena Fussey, Gene Paul Alpena 02/26/49 10/06/1969 AR SP4 This, they felt, would offer these men the opportunity to get remedial training in the service and then be able to compete successfully when they returned to civilian life. Only 5 to 10 percent of enlisted men in the combat units were estimated to have had some college, and less than 1 percent of these enlisted men were college graduates. The faces shown on the next pages are the faces of American men killed, in the words of the official announcement of their deaths, “in connection with the conflict in Vietnam.” The names, 242 of them, were released on May 28 through June 3 [1969], a span of no special significance except that it … Warships & Submarines. Early in the war (1965 and 1966) when blacks made up about 11 percent of our Vietnam force, black casualties soared to more than 20 percent of the total. The draft policy at the time of the Vietnam War was called the Universal Military Training and Service Act. Some went to Canada or Sweden, but few of those who evaded the draft were actually prosecuted and most were eventually pardoned by President Jimmy Carter in 1977. The very young were considered by many to be preferred combat material. Often that advice, especially for professional athletes, rock stars, sons of politicians and other celebrities, was to join the never-to-be-called-up reserves or National Guard. THE NAMES ON THE WALL: AN HISTORICAL JUDGMENT. B: John William Baber War: World War, 1939-1945 Branch: Army Air Forces/Corps Service Location: European Theater Theme: First, Serve: Athletes in Uniform Joe Baca War: Vietnam War, 1961-1975 Branch: Army Service Location: United States; Vietnam Theme: Patriotism Theme: Voices of War John Philip Baca War: Vietnam War, 1961-1975 Branch: Army Service Location: Phuoc Long Province, Vietnam The combination of the selective service policies with the skills and aptitude testing of both volunteers and draftees (in which blacks scored noticeably lower) conspired to assign blacks in greater numbers to the combat units of the Army and Marine Corps. A correspondingly greater tradition of military service in the other regions had its effect on U.S. regional casualties. As a result, it was mainly the families of Navy and Air Force pilots and crewmen who suffered the great agony of the POW (prisoner of war) and MIA (missing in action) experience that came out of the Vietnam War. A relatively small number refused to register for the draft at all. Most of the young American enlisted men who served in Vietnam were not college prospects at the time they entered the service. Of the 7,262 blacks who died, 6,955, or 96 percent, were Army and Marine enlisted men. During the V'nam war, the Navy and Air Force became substantially white enclaves. The names of the American war dead were listed in numerical order by the date and time of death. Edith Piaf, internationally famous French cabaret singer, best remembered for her songs "La Vie en rose" and "Non, je ne regrette rein.". Additionally, many of the names on the wall were other teenagers from the suburban white collar communities with siblings who were in, or would go on to college, but who, as individuals themselves, were slow to mature, struggled through high school and were therefore very available for the Vietnam War. You can scroll down to see the names of casualties listed under their official city. The Vietnam War became a painful lesson for many - from Washington, D.C. to Smalltown America. Many of them, as experienced pilots, were older (two thirds were thirty or older) and many were high ranking. It called for the registration of all 18 to 26-year old males, with induction to take place at 18 1/2 if so ordered by the local draft board. The Army suffered the most total casualties, 38,179 or 2.7 percent of its force. National Archives Reference Information Page 90 A Finding Aid to Records Relating to American Prisoners of War and Missing in Action from the Vietnam War Era, 1960-1994 The records are dated during the 1960s and 1970s and include individuals who served in … They also died quickly, many within a few weeks or months of arriving in Vietnam. They did not, in most cases, carry the burdens of wife or children. Early on President Johnson, his advisers and especially the Congress, realized that if the draft was to be truly equitable and had included combat assignments in Vietnam for the sons of the educationally advantaged and influential Americans from the professional and managerial classes, then the resulting uproar would have shut down the war. They often reveal a typically warm American family atmosphere. — The names of 312 Vietnam War veterans who died from exposure to Agent Orange were added to the rolls at the Vietnam Veterans War Memorial on Saturday. The nonprofit Vietnam Veterans Memorial Fund also founded the Vietnam Veterans Memorial -- commonly known as The Wall -- which is inscribed with the names of more than 58,000 people who died … Similarly, the ABMC Records do not cover inter-War deaths such as the Port Chicago disaster in which 320 died. Vietnam War Casualties (1955-1975) America paid a terrible price for its involvement in the Vietnam War - nearly 60,000 killed-in-action, … The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is a 2-acre national memorial in Washington, DC. Although valuable, this study was almost certainly misinterpreted by its authors when they said that their data showed that most privileged and influential segments of American society were not insulated from the perils of Vietnam conflict. It is forgotten now, but in the beginning Congress and most of the American people were behind our containment effort in Vietnam. As one walks the Wall slowly, examining the ineffably American names, one is struck by the same recurring surnames. ARMY AND MARINE OFFICER CASUALTIES BY RANK AND AGE. The DOD database provides no civilian or military educational levels for the Vietnam casualties specifically, but it does give us general levels for all enlisted men across all the services during the Vietnam era. There were 667; How many Andersons?, 178; Garcias?, 102; Murphys?, 82; Jenkins?, 66; One wants to know more about these Americans. But given the draft policies, the hard-sell recruitment, the severe escalation from month to month and the refusal by President Lyndon Johnson to call up the older reserves and National Guard, it could not have been otherwise. AGE 17 TO 21 PREFERRED ARMY AND MARINE COMBAT MATERIAL. The daily summaries helped normalize Vietnam deaths in the minds of Americans. They drew on every segment of American society. John Kennedy, discussing military assignments, said that, life is unfair. Maurice White, singer, songwriter, musician, producer; founder of the band Earth, Wind & Fire; member of Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Songwriters Hall of Fame and Vocal Group Hall of Fame. Read their histories. No other American war has presented such a young profile in combat. All over the country, families and friends of the 58,315 service members who died in the Vietnam War have been working for years to put together … Some recent studies tend to refute what had been the perceived wisdom of social scientists and other commentators that our Vietnam dead came overwhelmingly from the poor communities. Coast Guard casualties are included in the Navy totals. All were nurses, all were single and all but one were in their 20s. The same profile holds true for the Marine Corps, where 87 percent of all officer casualties (821 of 938) were warrant officers, lieutenants or captains. According to RJ Rummel, there are lots of civilians and soldiers killed from the Vietnam War between 1964 and 1975: An estimated 1,500 people died during the forced relocations of 1,200,000 civilians, another 5,000 prisoners died from ill-treatment and about 30,000 suspected communists and fighters were executed. Postscript: Since 1982, there have been 89 names added to The Wall. This was a reflection of the role of warrant officers as helicopter pilots (of the 1,277 warrant officer casualties, 95 percent were Army helicopter pilots), and of the young lieutenants and captains as combat platoon leaders or company commanders. Our combat arms were thought to be completely classless. The draftee, if found physically and mentally fit, would be inducted for a period of two years, to be followed by another two year period in the active reserves and a subsequent two years in the inactive reserves. Search the Vietnam Veterans Memorial Wall page for Vietnam War casualties by name, home of record, home state/country, branch, age, service or social security number, rank, birthday, and/or casualty date. These records were transferred into the custody of the National Archives and Records Administration in 2008. Naval Academy, 130; Texas A & M, 112; The Citadel, 66; Virginia Military Institute, 43; Virginia Polytechnic Institute, 26; Norwich University, 19. The Navy had a similar profile: 55 percent of its 622 officer casualties were 30 years of age or older, and 45 percent were ranked at lieutenant commander or above when they died. It honors U.S. service members of the U.S. armed forces who fought in the Vietnam War, service members who died … The DOD database shows that of the 2,100,000 men and women who served in Vietnam, 58,152 were killed. Since the days of Alexander the Great and the Roman Legions, it has always been the young, inexperienced, low-ranking enlisted man who has taken the brunt of combat casualties. As one stands before the Wall one feels that no other judgment is acceptable to their living memory. Names Added to Memorial: Since 1997 88 names of veterans who have died due to their wounds received during the Vietnam war have been added to the Wall. Perhaps more important, many of them probably did not yet fully understand their own mortality and were therefore less likely to be hesitant in combat. …’In honor of the men and women of the Armed Forces of the United States who served in the Vietnam War. These casualties came largely from the Northeast and North Central regions of the United States, many from the traditionally patriotic, Catholic working class neighborhoods. Of the 7,877 officer casualties, 7,595, or 96.4 percent, were white; 147, or 1.8 percent, were black; 24, or 0.3 percent, were Asian; 7, or .08 percent, were Native American; 104, or 1.3 percent, were unidentified by race. All written content, illustrations, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and not for reuse/reproduction in any form. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. This makeup, they say, was the very antithesis of what we stand for as a democracy — a shameful corruption of our values and our historical sense of fairness and social justice. The article was originally published in the June 1993 issue of Vietnam Magazine and updated in November 2004. However, if officer casualties are added to the total, then this overrepresentation is reduced to 12.5 percent of all casualties. Phil Ochs, singer, songwriter, producer; best known for his protest songs of the 1960s. During the Vietnam War, the Navy and Air Force became substantially white enclaves – enlisted and officer casualties were 96 percent white. But after World War II a kind of educational apartheid had settled over the United States. 6,000 civilians died in the more extensive shellings. The National Archives and Records Administration prepared these Vietnam War casualty lists by creating extracts from the military casualty data files in the Records of the Office of the Secretary of Defense (Record Group 330). Lower end category IVs consisting of those who scored below 20 on the AFQT were usually rejected for service. Deaths caused by South Vietnam From 1964 to 1975, an estimated 1,500 persons died during the forced relocations of 1,200,000 civilians, another 5,000 prisoners died from ill-treatment and about 30,000 suspected communists and fighters were executed. NAVY AND AIR FORCE OFFICER CASUALTIES BY RANK AND AGE. The feeling is that the poor, the undereducated and the minorities made up the vast majority of the combat arms during that war. Army and Marine officer casualties were also quite young. Almost 50 percent were majors, lieutenant-colonels, colonels and three were generals. The figures show that on average 65 percent of white enlisted men and 60 percent of black enlisted men were high school graduates. Mary Ashton Livermore, a temperance worker, women's rights activist, lecturer, and writer. If the two branches are combined, then 80 percent of the Army and Marine enlisted casualties were privates or corporals, grades E-1 to E-4. Take some time to learn their names. The officer corps’ casualties alone would satisfy that judgment, but that is not the same as being representative. An estimated 11,000 women served in Vietnam. The resulting aptitude scores were used to classify entrants into four categories and this would, for the most part, determine their subsequent assignments. Of the 4953 Navy and Air Force casualties, both officer and enlisted, 4, 736 or 96% were white. In civilian life, poor aptitude testing can have a tremendous negative impact, whether for college placement or for simple job advancement. (in PDF format, sorted alphabetically by last name of casualty) American Samoa Guam Puerto Rico Virgin Islands Canal Zone Alabama / Alaska / Arizona / Arkansas / California / Colorado / Connecticut / Delaware / Florida / Georgia / Hawaii / Idaho / Illinois / Indiana / Iowa / Kansas / Kentucky / Louisiana / Maine / Maryland / Massachusetts / Michigan / Minnesota / Eight women were killed in Vietnam, five Army lieutenants, one Army captain, one Army lieutenant colonel and one Air Force captain. For more great articles be sure to subscribe to Vietnam Magazine today! Named in honor of Richard Donham Coffelt06 Aug 1932 - 25 Jan 2012. The Marine Corps losses were skewed even more to the lower ranks, 91 percent were privates or corporals. Thus it is safe to say that Hispanic-Americans were over-represented among Vietnam casualties — an estimated 5.5 percent of the dead against 4.5 percent of the 1970 population. As a result, the black casualty rate was reduced to 11.5 percent by 1969. One additional factor, often overlooked, that influenced volunteer enlistment was military tradition — the influence of fathers, grandfathers, brothers, uncles and others who had served in previous 20th century wars. Of 2,590 total Air Force casualties, 1,674 or 65 percent were officers. The following tables were generated from the Vietnam Conflict Extract Data File of the Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS) Extract Files, which is current as of April 29, 2008.The Vietnam Conflict Extract Data File of the Defense Casualty Analysis System (DCAS) Extract Files contains records of 58,220 U.S. military fatal casualties of the Vietnam War. Many of the 17- and 18-year olds were simply late in maturing. Nevertheless, 336,111 men were phased into the service under this plan (mostly the Army) and 2,072 were killed. There is some truth to this, but it is instructive to look at what the DOD database reveals in terms of race, ethnicity, national origin, religious preference and casualties by U.S. geographic areas. State V'nam Dead Deaths Per 100000 Pop; Alabama 1205 34.9; Alaska 57 18.8 Arizona 622 35.0 Arkansas 589 30.6 California 5572 27.9 Colorado 620 28.0 Connecticut 611 20.1 Indeed, officer casualties of all branches were overwhelmingly white. The names would become the memorial. It is not surprising, for instance, that West Virginia, Montana, and Oklahoma had a casualty rate almost twice that of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut. OR To shorten the name list, enter 2 or more letters of any part of a name in the box below. The Selective Service System it said, has the responsibility to deliver manpower to the armed forces in such a manner as to reduce to a minimum any adverse effect upon the national health, safety, interest and progress. He was a Navy enlisted man during World War II and has a degree in Political Science from Duke University. In 1982 the Vietnam Veterans Memorial was dedicated in Washington, D.C., inscribed with the names of 57,939 members of U.S. armed forces who had died or were missing as a result of the war. Quite a different profile emerges among the Navy and Air force officer corps. Vietnam War Casualties, MIA and POWs. As Maya Ling Lin, the architect of the Wall, has said: It was as if the black-brown earth were polished and made into an interface between the sunny world and the quiet dark world beyond that we cannot enter. What the MIT study almost certainly showed was that members of the so-called working class consisting of carpenters, electricians, plumbers, firemen, policemen, technicians, skilled factory operatives, farmers, etc., were living in middle class communities and were, therefore, part of our burgeoning middle class. Killed in Action (KIA); Died while Missing. In many of these families it was considered unpatriotic and indeed reprehensible to avoid active duty by requesting a status deferment or seeking out a draft counselor for advice on how to avoid the draft. Adding to the problem was Project 100,000. The major service academies and other military colleges provided close to 900 of the Vietnam officer casualties: the U.S. Military Academy, 278; the U.S. Air Force Academy, 205; the U.S. Officers of all services, by tradition largely Protestant, remained so during the Vietnam war, sustaining casualties in comparison with Catholics by a 5 to 2 ratio. The makeup of U.S. combat forces in Vietnam has long been the subject of controversy among social scientists. He accepted the tradition of military service passed on to him by the popular culture and by President John F. Kennedy’s ringing words, Let every nation know, whether it wishes us well or ill, that we shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardship, support any friend, oppose any foe, to assure the survival and success of liberty. They were struggling through or dropping out of high school, or if a high school graduate, had tested poorly for college entrance. The Vietnam Veterans Memorial stands as a symbol of America’s honor and recognition of the men and women who served and sacrificed their lives in the Vietnam War. Only the Navy, with 50 percent of its enlisted casualties over 21, and the Air Force, with 75 percent over 21, showed an older, more experienced age demographic. We've compiled the list of New Jersey soldiers who died in the Vietnam war and put them in a searchable database. Others, later in the war, were simply ineligible because of high lottery number. These officer casualties came more from the South and West regions, 4.1 deaths per 100,000, in contrast to 3.5 from the Northeast and Midwest regions. Who were they? The remaining 70 percent of our Vietnam enlisted casualties were of English/Scottish/Welsh, German, Irish and Scandinavian-American ancestries, more from the South and Midwest than the other regions, many from small towns with a family military tradition. Numbers certainly do not tell the whole story - or all of them - but they certainly paint a picture of lives lost and families devastated. World War II had been, for the most part, a perfect war, clear of purpose, the forces of democracy and freedom lined up against the forces of fascism and tyranny. from the Library of Congress National Cemeteries and Beneficiaries The vast majority of Americans who were eligible by age but did not serve in the armed forces were exempted by reason of physical, mental, psychiatric, or moral failure; or they were given status deferments because they were college students, fathers, clergy, teachers, engineers or conscientious objectors. Congress and the Johnson administration, therefore, sought to protect our college-bound and educated young men. Please direct all other inquiries to militaryfactory AT gmail.com. A more precise equation would be that the college bound stayed home while the non-college bound served and died. The Vietnam War, which lasted 10 years and claimed almost 60,000 American lives, marked a significant change in worldwide perceptions of war, death and politics--in part because it was the first such conflict ever to be reported daily on television. It may come as a surprise to some that 63.3 percent of all Vietnam enlisted casualties were not draftees but volunteers. Mississippi Counties → … VIETNAM CASUALTY LIST - ALL CASUALTIES: Surname: Christian Names: Date of: … This is useful for viewing the names of Gold Star veterans by localized regions within the state. Cicely Tyson, actress, best remembered for her role in The Autobiography of Ms. Jane Pittman. Vietnam War casualties from Oklahoma Click or Tap on name to find a personal memorial page of a casualty from this state. As a region, the South experienced the greatest numbers of dead, nearly 34 percent of the total, or 31.0 deaths per 100,000 of population. Certainly, some who died did come from poor and broken homes in the urban ghettos and barrios, or were from dirt-poor farm homes in the South and Midwest. All were nurses, all were single and all but one were in their 20s. This uneven impact was caused by a number of factors: (1) While the South was home to some 53 percent of all blacks in the 1970 census, almost 60 percent of black casualties came from the South; (2) Although we cannot be as precise, we do know that a considerable majority of Hispanic-American casualties came from the West, (California, New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado) and the South (Texas); (3) Better employment opportunities in the Northeast reduced the number of volunteers; (4) Greater college matriculation in the Northeast increased the number of status deferments for the region’s 17- to 24- year olds; (5) More anti-war sentiment in the media and on college campuses in the Northeast. See their faces. With few exceptions, almost all of the 6,600 commissioned officers who died in Vietnam were graduates of the service academies, college Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC), or the Officer Candidate School (OCS) programs. Eight women were killed in Vietnam, five Army lieutenants, one Army captain, one Army lieutenant colonel and one Air Force captain. A new Department of Defense (DOD) database computer tape released through the National Archives allows researchers to take a much closer look at our 58,152 Vietnam casualties. Vietnam-Era Military Personnel Records, 1960's - 1970's The Vietnam-Era Military Personnel Records is a huge archive that holds as many as 4,638,952 records in its massive collection. That was about 0.03% of the population at the time with an average 11 deaths each day. These alphabetical indexes are for your convenience but do not represent the order of names on the Wall. 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