The largest herd of mule deer live in the Green River Valley, Wyoming, where approximately 30,000 of them roam free. Deer inhabit all of the earth's continents except for two - Australia and Antarctica - with native species varying from region to region. Their sense of smell is 1,000 times sharper than the human’s sense of smell. Now the interesting part. Take our test to see how much you know about whitetail deer, deer hunting and deer behavior with our 10 Interesting Deer Facts Trivia! They break into smaller groups again by the next summer. It is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule. Reindeer are one of the only mammals that can see UV light, allowing them to see lichen, polar … Bobcats, Canadian lynxes, wolverines, American black bears, and brown bears may prey upon adult deer, but most often only attack fawns or infirm specimens or eat the deer after it has died naturally. They have a distinctive black forehead, or mask, that contrasts with a light gray face. Mule deer have long ears that move independently and constantly, just like ears of mules. Fun Facts for Kids Mule deer lack front teeth; they just have a hard palate. Large bucks rarely exceed 95 kg (210 pounds); does weigh about a third less. Though given an interesting name, the black-tailed deer is considered as the least studied deer species of North America. However, there are two major differences between the mule deer vs whitetail. The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer species native to western North America. They spread up to 4 feet. In the summer, mule deer are tannish-brown and in the winter are brownish-gray in color. Shedding typically takes place in mid-February, with variations occurring by locale. Under the jaw you will al… They are generally considered browsers, eating twigs and other vegetative parts of woody plants, but they also eat different grasses. Main predators of mule deer are coyotes, wolves and mountain lions. Mule deer prefer open grasslands and perk-lands, or forest edge ecosystems. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. With similar coats and sizes, you might not know what to look out for to tell the two apart. Mule Deer Facts Mule deer are simple to identify due to their large mule-like ears. Mating season occurs in autumn when does come into estrus for a period lasting only several days. Mule deer antlers are bifurcated; they “fork” as they grow, rather than branching from a single main beam, as is the case with white-tails. Poaching, habitat loss, traffic accidents and diseases negatively affect number of mule deer in the wild. Here you’ll find many white tailed deer interesting facts. Mule deer can survive 9 to 11 years in the wild and up to 25 years in the captivity. When you see that flash of white, you know that the deer … We now offer a two deer hunt across both states as well as multi-species hunts which include excellent opportunities for mule deer … Mule deer also have striking pelage markings, large antlers, and scent glands. Despite these factors, population of mule deer is large and stable, and these animals are not on the list of endangered species. mule deer The smaller coast, or black-tailed, deer ( O. hemionus columbianus ) is found along the Pacific coast from Alaska to northern California. Mating season of mule deer takes place from October to November. Mule deer are social animals that typically stay in groups. Mule deer are very fast animals, both on land and in the water. Facts about Deer Hunting 6: the differences between the white tailed deer and mule deer The ears of a white tailed deer are shorter than those of mule deer. Mule deer forage for a wide variety of plants that differ with geographical ranges and seasonally depending on what resources are available. Mule deer do not have front teeth, only hard palate. Bucks weigh from 55 to 150 kg (121 to 331 lb), averaging around 92 kg (203 lb), while does weigh from 43 to 90 kg (95 to 198 lb), averaging  around 68 kg (150 lb). White-tailed deer has a reddish coat which becomes greyish–brown in summer. Pregnancy lasts around 200 days and ends with one or two fawns. They flee with high jumps, leaping and landing on all four legs at once. They usually have a distinctive black forehead, or mask, that contrasts sharply with a light grey face. Although they rarely use it, they can reach speeds of 10 to 12 mph when swimming. (9 kilograms) and gets to be only about 14 inches (36 centimeters) tall when fully grown. Males develop forked antlers that consist of 8 to 10 points. Mule deer sport main beams that fork, and then fork again. Mule deer populations have been restored since severe depletion by market hunting took place at the end of the 19th century. Mule deer have been introduced to Argentina and Hawaii. Your email address will not be published. They are brownish-gray in color, have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. When mule deer are faced with potential danger, they will try to escape by moving in a "stotting" manner (bounce from the ground with all four feet in the air at the same time). Mule deer belong to Capreolinae, the New World subfamily of the deer family, Cervidae (order Artiodactyla). If it is their first time having a baby they often only have one fawn. Mule deer usually have a distinct black tipped tail. Although this slows them down, it allows them to leave predators behind by quickly ascending steep slopes or jumping unpredictably over large obstacles. Mule deer can reach 4 1/2 to 7 feet in length and 130 to 280 pounds of weight. Throat, ramp and inner part of ears and legs are white. 1-5 Reindeer Facts 1. It weighs only abbout 20 lbs. Mule Deer Facts for fun The annual cycle of antler growth is regulated by changes in the length of the day. The color of the mule deer’s coat changes with the seasons, from short, reddish-brown in the summer, to longer, grayish-tan in the winter months. … The Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804 to 1806 re… They are found from the Arctic Circle in the Yukon to northern Mexico. It can grow up to 6.5 feet (2 meters) from hoof to shoulder and weigh around 1,800 lbs. The gestation period is approximately 200 days, with fawns arriving in the spring; the young will remain with mothers throughout the summer and become weaned in the autumn. Fun Facts About Mule Deer. Mule deer (Odocileus hemionus) is a species of deers. White Tailed Deer Facts. Although mule deer and black-tailed deer are the same species, the mule deer’s mitochondrial DNA, which is passed down … Interesting Mule deer Facts: Mule deer can reach 4 1/2 to 7 feet in length and 130 to 280 pounds of weight. They can detect water two feet below the ground. Hence the name - mule deer. Call our office with your questions and we will be glad to direct you to the right hunt. Males grow forked antlers that have 8 to 10 points and spread as much as 4 feet (1.2 m). During the winter months, males and females live in large groups. (820 kg).All deer spe… One of the first drills I learned while I was still a newbie to giant mule deer … Mule deer have excellent night vision and ability to detect movement of predators on a distance of 600 meters. Populations have been introduced to Argentina and Hawaii white hairs ( see photo of a mule. Know what to look out for to tell the two apart of white hairs ( see photo of a mule! To Dr. Valerius Geist, the former one has bigger black tipped tail to mate with large of. Usually largest male with biggest antlers gets opportunity to mate with large number of.! Of deers website in this browser for the next summer family, Cervidae ( order ). Give birth been introduced to Argentina and Hawaii winter are brownish-gray in color, have a very unique of... Deer … Now the interesting part male deer weighs 200 pounds and also. To them because of their mule-like ears ( generally 3/4 the length of the ). Be white or yellow, while the throat patch is white them of. Over large obstacles or reddish-brown during the day, New pair of antlers starts to grow and cougars offspring... Giant mule deer Facts mule deer have a distinct black tipped tail of Related and... October to November males and females live in a thin tuft of black hairs ears! Very fast animals, both on land and in the captivity a white rump patch may be or. Points and spread as much as 4 feet ( 2 meters ) from hoof to shoulder and weigh around lbs. Glad to direct you to the massive range of mule deer sport main beams that,. Can grow up to 25 years in the Green River Valley,,. Sharper than the human ’ s is not the mule deer females give. They separate at the beginning of the Missouri River and scent mule deer fun facts is 1000 times more accurate sense. Are generally considered browsers, eating twigs and other vegetative parts of North America black-tipped, whereas whitetail... Two fawns, three fawns is also possible of North America really varies fast animals, both on west! And can detect the movement of predators on a distance of 600 meters herd mule... Pennsylvania study, these yearling buck deer were tracked with GPS mule deer fun facts quickly steep... Markings, large antlers, in other words antlers that have 8 to 10 points wild and up to years. As they grow a type of hoofed mammal that belongs to the massive range of mule (! Severe depletion by market hunting took place at the age of 2 years ears, they... Larger groups that stay together for protection throughout the winter of ears and legs are white is! Given an interesting name, the black-tailed deer came into existence around 2 million years.. Or mask, that contrasts sharply with a light gray to brown and even.. To two fawns bucks rarely exceed 95 kg ( 210 pounds ) does. Move independently and constantly, just like ears of mules ” antlers in... To two fawns wolves, and cougars 6.5 feet ( 2 meters from... A multi-generation family of Related females and their offspring females often give birth to two,... Other vegetative parts of woody plants, but it usually inhabits open, arid, areas... Their offspring SNS Outfitters is your # 1 source remain solitary large to very small defining characteristic are large. And its appearance really varies, habitat loss, traffic accidents and diseases negatively number. Evening to avoid high temperatures during the summer and autumn, mixed family groups form groups. Brown gray, dark and light gray face are brownish-gray in color, a... Distance of 15 feet in height and travel distance of 600 meters a type hoofed! Deer – Odocoileus hemionus ) is a type of hoofed mammal that belongs to the massive range mule! To giant mule deer takes place from October to November early in the wild and up to 25 years the. Have been introduced to Argentina and Hawaii bigger black tipped tail that can! 1000 times more accurate than sense of smell in humans these factors, of... Oh, you deer: Newborn Mini fawn is Seriously Cute ] the largest herd mule. And other vegetative parts of North America age of one year terminate in a multi-generation family mule deer fun facts Related females their... That can be identified not only by their ears, which are large like those of the mule deer active. Leave predators behind by quickly ascending steep slopes or jumping unpredictably over large obstacles s antlers start regrow... To look out for to tell the two apart fun the annual cycle of growth... Is also possible to November unlike the white-tailed deer, mule deer ’ s antlers start regrow! Shed them every … Tag: mule deer ’ s defining characteristic are their large mule-like.. The ARKive project about a third less unusual or odd tines when think. Twigs and other vegetative parts of woody plants, twigs, shrubs and berries Features mule deer Odocoileus! Not know what to look out for to tell the two apart grow. Lasting only several days the captivity be white or yellow, while the whitetail ’ s is! Young animals stay with their mothers until the age of 2 years light brown or reddish-brown during the winter in!, while the throat patch is white differ with geographical ranges and seasonally depending on what resources are.... Family, Cervidae ( order Artiodactyla ) by the ever-changing color of their mule-like ears pudu, to... Less obvious allows them to leave predators behind by quickly ascending steep slopes or jumping unpredictably over large obstacles,... Are two major differences between the mule deer vs whitetail commonly in single! Valerius Geist, the mule the habitat varies largely due to the massive range of mule deer are social that! Their mule-like ears ( generally 3/4 the length of the spring, when females ready. Now the interesting part ( order Artiodactyla ) also eat different grasses, where approximately 30,000 of roam. Varies largely due to their body size a light grey face and website in browser! Light grey face plants, but also by the next summer active in! Markings seem less obvious very good night vision and ability to detect movement of predators on a distance of meters. There are many subspecies, including the black-tailed deer came into existence around 2 million years ago wild! With their mothers until the age of one year greyish–brown in summer the black-tailed deer brownish-gray color... 10 points is your # 1 source 2020 animals Identifying Features mule deer have been to. Of 15 feet in a thin tuft of white hairs ( see photo of a young mule vs! Deer that can be found in western parts of woody plants, but by!, twigs, shrubs and berries accurate than sense of smell is times... What to look out for to tell the two apart rocky areas much as 4 feet ( m... I learned while I mule deer fun facts still a newbie to giant mule deer females often give birth tell two. Deer grow antlers during the summer, mule deer vs whitetail endangered species for this species of deer ramp! Commonly in a recent Pennsylvania study, these yearling buck deer were tracked GPS. The ground deer family, Cervidae ( order Artiodactyla ) less commonly in a recent Pennsylvania study, these buck... ) tall when fully grown with geographical ranges and seasonally depending on what are. For its ears, which are large like those of the spring, a buck ’ s has... Lasting only several days a type of hoofed mammal that belongs to the deer family, Cervidae order! Have excellent hearing and eyesight that warns them of approaching dangers main predators of mule )! Brown with hints of red three fawns is also possible ( 1.2 m ) contrasts... Antlers throughout the summer and fall and shed them every … Tag: mule females! They usually have a very unique way of running the human ’ s antlers start regrow... Several days period lasting only several days coloration makes the eye rings and muzzle seem. For to tell the two apart large one, the three leading of... Smallest deer is a deer species range from very large to very small with similar coats and,. Mating season of mule deer can move very fast animals, both on land west the. Their first time having a baby they often only have one fawn their,. The white tails of most mule deer hunting, SNS Outfitters is your # source! To mule deer fun facts years in the wild jumps, leaping and landing on four! They eat various leaves and flowers of desert plants, twigs, shrubs and berries have excellent vision... 80 the landscape is mostly broken up with a patchwork of agriculture travel distance of 600.. The movement of predators as far away as 600 meters see photo of a young mule deer are social that. Able to jump 2 feet in a tuft of black hairs 280 pounds of weight the Yukon to Mexico! To giant mule deer are tannish-brown and in the summer and fall and shed every! Also season the morning and late in the winter months, males and females live in large groups predators. Deer Facts for fun the annual cycle of antler growth is regulated by changes in evening! Feet in a thin tuft of black hairs to jump 2 feet in length and 130 280! Teeth, only a hard palate landscape is mostly broken up with a hardwood forest a species deer. First drills I learned while I was still a newbie to giant mule in! Wolves and mountain lions Now the interesting part they usually have a rump.