Bee Balm Varieties Monarda fistulosa and M. didym a are the varieties most commonly used as medicine by particular Native American tribes, including Blackfoot, Menominee, Ojibwe, and Winnebago. Native Americans made use of monarda's essential healing oils, and spotted bee balm … Use whole flowers to make attractive floating garnishes in punch bowls of sangria, or use them to decorate the rim of a serving platter. It’s lovely in the jar and carries a light honey flavor with minty undertones. It is interesting that the seeds obtaine… Cambridge Scarlet Bee Balm: Citrus-flavored leaves, with hints of orange and lemon. My mother is the genius behind Buzzed Bee Balm and all of our products we have. wild bergamot. A steam inhalation of the plant is useful for soothing inflamed mucus membranes. fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); Some hybrids have been developed to produce high levels of essential oil for use as flavoring or medicine. Try placing a handful of fresh leaves in a cloth and positioning it under hot running bath water for a relaxing, lemony scented bath. Like other members of the mint family, Bee Balm can become invasive, but you can keep your clump contained by dividing the roots in either spring or fall. The slender, serrated, lanceolate leaves are oppositely arranged on the square stem, hairless or sparsely hairy, and about 7 to 14 centimeters long. Monarda grows best in full sun but tolerates light shade, and will thrive in any moist soil that is rich in organic matter such as manure, compost, or leaf mold. For faster growth, fertilize in the spring with a good all purpose (10-10-10) liquid plant food. This new, shorter, more compact version forms rapidly spreading, medium-sized clumps of mint-scented foliage. [8], Monarda plants thrive in sun and moist but well-drained soil. The plant should be divided every 3 years to keep it tidy. js = d.createElement(s); = id; DO NOT BOIL THE FLOWERS. \"Oswego tea\" is another common name. Monarda species include annual and perennial herbaceous plants. Another common name for Monarda didyma is Oswego Tea, which refers to the medicinal use of its leaves by an Amerindian tribe of the same name. They are prone to developing powdery mildew in high humidity, especially if planted in a place without good air circulation. Bee Balm Jelly. Boiling can evaporate the oils which produce the flavor. In dry conditions, Bee Balm is susceptible to powdery mildew. The Blackfoot recognized the strong antiseptic action of the plants, and used them in poultices for skin infections and minor wounds. Some varieties can be short-lived perennials, almost annuals really, such as 'Bergamo'. Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, the latter inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia). Hello, my name is Jacob Bowman. Others, as illustrated above right M. 'Squaw' are more long lasting. Bee balm is the common name of both Monarda didyma, which has red flowers, or Monarda fistulosa, which can have lavender, pink, or white flowers.M. The common name “bee balm” derives from the fact that bees love the nectar of the sweet smelling blossoms. After the Boston Tea Party, it was a very popular beverage. wild bergamot. js.src = "//"; Pericarp structure and phylogeny of tribe Mentheae (Lamiaceae). The genus was named for the Spanish botanist Nicolás Monardes, who wrote a book in 1574 describing plants of the New World. Deeply breathing in the steam may also help relieve cold symptoms such as sore throat, fever, and congestion. Bergamot was identified in the sixteenth century by the Spanish medical botanist Nicolas de Monardes, whose name is used to identify this genus of plants. Bee balm was also used as a carminative herb by Native Americans to prevent excessive flatulence. Botanical Name and Family. Often called bergamot because its citrusy flavor is similar to the bergamot orange, bee balm flowers make a great addition to oil when frying white fish or scallops. The Bee Balm is grown in North America, which is a thriving woodland area. Flower color varies, with wild species bearing red, pink, and light purple flowers. The scent is similar to the bergamot orange that flavors Earl Grey tea. Monarda L. – beebalm. Enliven the taste and look of salads by adding a sprinkling of bergamot flowers. Combines well with mint. Dried for Tea. [CDATA[ google_ad_client = "ca-pub-0348064665172985"; /* Epicentre 300x250 anywhere */ google_ad_slot = "5495859598"; google_ad_width = 300; google_ad_height = 250; // ]]> Bergamot is a member of the mint family. Scora, R. W. 1967. Plant taxonomy classifies red bee balm plants (alternatively termed \"scarlet\") as Monarda didyma. The wild flowers are single, but some cultivated forms have double flowers. var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; The fresh leaves can be added to jellies, punch, lemonade or wine to add extra taste. The name “bee balm” is one of the many common names of the Monarda genus. Historical. [5] The flavor of Earl Gray tea is often attributed to Monarda, yet, the taste actually originates from the oil of Citrus aurantium bergamia (Bergamot Orange). Monarda didyma, known by a number of different common names including bee balm, Oswego tea and bergamot, is native to eastern North America where it typically occurs in bottomlands, thickets, moist woods and along streambanks from Maine to Minnesota south to Missouri and Georgia. It’s delightful with cream cheese or simply spread on toast. The flavor of Monarda combines well with tropical fruits like pineapple, mango and orange. Monarda are used in beds and borders to attract hummingbirds, pollinating insects, and insects that control garden pests. [8] An infusion of crushed, boiled Monarda has been used to treat headache and fever. In addition to bee balm, Monarda, … Although somewhat bitter due to the thymol content in the leaves and buds, the plant tastes like a mix of spearmint and peppermint with oregano. [20] These are easily distinguished by several characters.[3]. We have an online shop for hard-to-find and best-quality spices and blends. This plant, with showy summer-blooming pink to lavender flowers, is often used as a honey plant, medicinal plant, and garden ornamental. Earl Grey tea is flavored with the rind of citrus bergamia, the bergamot orange. Subordinate Taxa. These beautiful native perennials can grow several feet tall, and serve valuable nectar to butterflies and hummingbirds. The fresh or dried leaves are brewed into a refreshing, aromatic herbal tea. Certainly, the strong, citrusy fragrance emanating from bee balm bears more than a passing resemblance to a steaming cup of Earl Grey, but bergamot oil comes from a citrus fruit, not this cottage garden favorite. The Oswego Indians used it to make a delicious tea and taught settlers coming to America to make it. U.S. Weed Information; Monarda fistulosa . The plants are widespread across North America and can be found in moist meadows, hillsides, and forest clearings up to 5,000 feet (1,500 m) in elevation. if (d.getElementById(id)) return; (2 cm) wide. Externally, bee balm is a wonderful aromatherapy herb. Ryding, P. O. Be sure to allow for good air circulation around the plants to prevent attacks from powdery mildew! They are typically crowded head-like clusters of flowers with leafy bracts. Species. Last week, with the help of the community, “Bee Balm” was named the county’s official pollinator plant. [2][4] Common names include bee balm, horsemint, oswego tea, the latter inspired by the fragrance of the leaves, which is reminiscent of bergamot orange (Citrus bergamia). R… Interspecific relationships in the genus, "Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families", "2013 BONAP North American Plant Atlas. It grows from two to four feet tall depending on the variety, and will fit well into your herb garden or can be used for a perennial border planting. Poultices and compresses are used for skin infections or bruises. They grow erect to heights of 20–90 cm (8–35 in). A single cup can be made by pouring one cup of boiling water over 2 teaspoons of dried flowers in a tea infuser or strainer. Common names are from state and federal lists. Some bees pollinate them, but primarily it is butterflies and humming birds, or humming bird moths. Dig up the root clump in the early spring, discard the inner, older portion, and re-plant the new divisions 12 to 15 inches apart. Common Name. Bee Balm is used to counter Feverishness. To create a mock-Earl Gray tea, steep 2 tablespoons of dried Monarda flowers with a good black tea for 5-7 minutes. 2. Bee balm has its origin in North America. Bee balm was traditionally used by Native Americans as a seasoning for wild game, particularly birds. Common Name(s): Beebalm; Bee Balm; Bee-balm; Bergamont; Bergamot; Crimson Bee-balm; Horsemint; Oswego Tea; Scarlet Bee Balm Use flowers and leaves in recipes for chicken, turkey, and pork dishes. 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